What is the Russell Index?

Views 40KAug 9, 2023

Core points

  • Russell index is the most extensive index in the capital market at present.

  • The Russell index takes the US market as the original benchmark and mainly focuses on US listed companies.

  • Based on the weighted average of market capitalization, Russell index is one of the best tools to measure the stock price of small enterprises.

Detailed explanation of concept

The Russell Index mainly refers to the US index series launched by Frank Russell in 1984 to measure the US market and track the performance of US large-cap and small-cap stocks.

With the gradual expansion of the index, the combination of the Russell US index and the Russell style index has covered about 10000 stocks in 63 countries, covering 98 per cent of the world's investable markets.

According to the country, region, industry, scale and other indicators, the Russell Index has more than 300 sub-indexes, of which the most important indexes are Russell 1000 Index, Russell 2000 Index, Russell 3000 Index and so on.

In 2015, the London Stock Exchange Group (LSEG) subsidiary FTSE Group and Frank Russell jointly launched the FTSE Russell index trademark, which belongs to the FTSE Russell index system.

Exponential characteristics

Compared with the traditional three major indexes of US stocks, the Russell index can better reflect the whole picture of the market.

Specifically, the Russell index has the following three characteristics:

First, the core of Russell's US index is "American nationality". Since the birth of the Russell index, it has taken the US market as the original benchmark, focusing on listed companies in the United States.

Second, the Russell index is not based on the subjective judgment of index institutions, but strictly follows the market value as the judgment standard, and determines the position of stocks in the index by weighted average, which is one of the best tools to measure the stock price of small enterprises.

Third, Russell Index according to the market style derived Russell value Index, Russell growth Index, Russell Defense Index and so on, began to cover listed companies around the world, stock selection style has obvious differences.

Index performance

Russell index can reflect the performance benchmark of various types of companies, and is widely used as a reference benchmark by many fund companies and financial institutions around the world, so it often becomes the basis of index-linked products, including various index tracking funds, derivatives and ETF.

Take the Russell 1000 index as an example.

The Russell 1000 Index is compiled by weighted averaging the stocks of the top 1000 companies with the largest market capitalization in the Russell 3000 Index, and recombines the constituent stocks every year to ensure that they truly reflect the basic situation of the largest listed companies in the United States.

Since January 1, 2000, the trend of the Russell 1000 index is as follows:

Source: Wind Information, until May 23, 2022

Source: Wind Information, until May 23, 2022

So far this year, the Russell 1000 is down 18.94%, somewhere between the Nasdaq (- 27.42%) and the Dow (- 13.97%).

The main ETF tracking Russell 1000 index is IWB (Anshuo Russell 1000 index ETF).

Its top 10 heavy stocks as of May 19, 2022 are as follows:

Disclaimer: The above content does not constitute any act of financial product marketing, investment offer, or financial advice. Before making any investment decision, investors should consider the risk factors related to investment products based on their own circumstances and consult professional investment advisors where necessary.